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Recipe for Reform School

Why Some Kids and Teens in the Child Welfare System End Up in the Juvenile Justice System

We have known for a long time that many youth in the juvenile justice system have "crossed over" from the child welfare system. But new research funded and synthesized by Models for Change in a 2011 Knowledge Brief shows that not all youth in the child welfare system are equally likely to cross over. It reveals that youth placed in out-of-home care by the child welfare system for behavioral issues are much more likely to end up the justice system than youth put into out-of-home care for maltreatment. Our new policy update has the details — and recommendations for change and future research.

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