Be sure to check out this brief summary of recent reforms in North Carolina (and links to relevant legislation, court cases, reports, and other documents).
Youth Justice Project of North Carolina
1415 W North Carolina 54 Suite 101
Durham, NC 27707
Facebook: Youth Justice Project
Youth Justice Project (YJP), a project of the Southern Coalition for Social Justice (SCSJ), works to ensure equity, fairness, and justice for youth in high-quality education, juvenile, and criminal systems. YJP’s current focus is on dismantling the school-to-prison pipeline — a system of laws, policies, and practices that push students out of school and into the juvenile and criminal systems — through collaboration, community education, communication, and resource development.
SCSJ is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization founded in August 2007 in Durham, North Carolina by a multidisciplinary group, predominantly people of color, who believe that families and communities engaged in social justice struggles need a team of lawyers, social scientists, community organizers and media specialists to support them in their efforts to dismantle structural racism and oppression. SCSJ partners with communities of color and economically disadvantaged communities in the south to defend and advance their political, social and economic rights through the combination of legal advocacy, research, organizing and communications.
All people and institutions will treat youth with love, empathy, fairness, respect, and dignity, and fulfill their other basic human needs.
Ensure equity, fairness, and justice for North Carolina youth in high-quality education, juvenile, and criminal systems.
- Possess value, potential, and unique strengths and needs;
- Are fundamentally different from adults, and should be treated as such;
- Are rights-bearing persons who should be meaningfully involved and heard in matters affecting them;
- Deserve to be free of racism, classism, sexism, xenophobia, homophobia, transphobia, ageism, ableism, and other forms of discrimination;
- Deserve supports and services necessary to be healthy, well-educated, safe, and economically secure;
- Deserve systems and communities that are warm, welcoming, loving, caring, and safe;
- Deserve laws, policies, and practices impacting them to be based on research, data, and principles of cooperation and positive youth development, not based on profit, competition, and control;
- Deserve a high-quality education that enables them to both develop skills and knowledge and become critical, courageous, creative thinkers in a self-governing democracy; and
- Who encounter the juvenile and criminal systems should be protected and rehabilitated.
Found 31 matches.
A roundup of publications news stories, and resources related to youth justice reform.
Interview with Ricky Watson, fellow in NJJN's Youth Justice Leadership Institute, talks about his work to involve black youth of color in the fight to raise the age in North Carolina -- and why that matters.
A roundup of member-related publications and news stories; school-to-prison pipeline items; resources, and campaign materials for California's Prop. 57.
This report published by member Youth Justice of North Carolina; data snapshot of racial disproportionalities that exist in a North Carolina's public education and youth justice systems.
Report on the Evaluation of Judicially Led Responses to Eliminate School Pathways to the Juvenile Justice System
Tags: California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | Florida | Georgia | Indiana | Kentucky | Massachusetts | Maryland | Michigan | North Carolina | New Mexico | Tennessee | School-to-Prison Pipeline | Reports | Research
Report on judicially-led collaboratives to reduce stringent school discipline and referrals of youth to juvenile courts for school-based behaviors. Discusses findings and some lessons learned. (Copyright 2015, released in June 2016.)
This report includes a compendium of alternatives to suspension and brief profiles of examples of where those alternatives are in place. It is a unique and valuable resource for school boards, school administrators, teachers, and others who are rethinking their approaches to school discipline without compromising the learning opportunities or safety of the school community as a whole. The report will acquaint school districts with a range of approaches to school discipline. Some are proven, others are promising. All have the potential to foster better school climates and better student outcomes.
Summary of North Carolina HB 879 (enacted as S.L. 2015-58); increases due process protections for juveniles, reduce further entry of juveniles in the delinquency system, and reduce juvenile confinement.
The latest news and events in Youth Justice for the first half of March, 2014.
USA Today article discussing New York and North Carolina's struggle to raise the age of adult court jurisdiction from 16.
North Carolina Appeals Court Prohibits Extending a Youth’s Probationary Period Retroactively, In the matter of A.F., 2013 N.C. App. LEXIS 1316
A North Carolina youth had been sentenced to probation and committed a new offense two months after his probation ended. The trial court retroactively extended the youth’s probationary period, and then committed the youth to a youth development center based on additional “delinquency points” assigned to the youth for the commission of an offense while on probation. The youth filed a motion to modify his sentence, based on the fact that he wasn’t actually still on probation when the new offense was committed. The Court of Appeals invalidated the trial court’s order denying the youth’s motion to modify his sentence, stating that while a trial court may modify a youth’s probationary period within a reasonable amount of time after its expiration, it may not determine on a retroactive basis that it had extended a youth’s probation, and then assign additional delinquency points for the commission of a new offense during the retroactively extended probationary period. In the matter of A.F., 2013 N.C. App. LEXIS 1316.
North Carolina Appeals Court Invalidates Commitment Extension Issued without Proper Notice, In Re J.L.H.
The NC Dept of Juvenile Justice extended a youth's commitment period without providing written notice. On appeal, the court held that oral notice does not conform to North Carolina law.
Legislative Research Commission Recommends Raising the Age for Youth Charged with Misdemeanors, Legislative Research Commission's Committee on Age of Juvenile Offenders
The North Carolina Legislative Research Commission’s Committee on Age of Juvenile Offenders issued a report in December 2012 recommending that the state raise the age of juvenile court jurisdiction from 16 to 18 for youth who are charged with misdemeanors. The committee recommended passage of S.B. 434 from the 2011 session, which would raise the age for misdemeanors, but would keep in adult court 16- and 17-year olds previously convicted of felonies in adult court.
Complying with Miller v. Alabama, North Carolina abolished mandatory life imprisonment without parole for youth convicted of first degree murder for offenses committed while under age 18. Judges now have the option of sentencing youth to life with parole after serving 25 years. At the sentencing hearing, courts must consider mitigating factors, and defense counsel may submit evidence related to the youth’s age, immaturity, mental health, intellectual capacity, ability to appreciate the risks and consequences of his or her behavior, amenability to rehabilitation, and the influence of familial or peer pressure. The issue of whether the new law is retroactive now sits before the North Carolina Supreme Court. S.B. 635/Act No. 2012-148, signed into law and effective July 12, 2012.
North Carolina youth who are alleged to be “undisciplined” and have willfully failed to appear in court, or who are considered “runaways” may not be detained for more than 24 hours. Previously, such youth could be detained for a maximum of 72 hours. H.B. 853/Act No. 2012-172, signed into law July 12, 2012; effective October 1, 2012.
North Carolina passed a law that limits probation officer visits on school property during school hours. Probation officers may make such visits only with prior authorization from school administrators. Visits must take place in a private area away from the general student population and probation officers may not initiate contact with students while they are in class or between classes. S.B. 707/Act No. 2012-149, signed into law July 12, 2012; effective at the beginning of the 2012-2013 school year.
Positive advances in Connecticut, as youth are given more opportunities to be served in juvenile court; and in North Carolina, the "Raise the Age" campaign gains more support.
North Carolina lawmakers join the growing list of state lawmakers who believe the cost of compliance, monetary and otherwise, outweigh the loss of federal assistance. New research shows that SORNA fails to keep the public safe.
North Carolina law now provides for expungement of criminal records for 16- and 17-year-olds charged as adults who are first-time offenders.
Ruling that investigating officers must take the age of suspects into account when deciding whether it is necessary to read them Miranda warnings.
North Carolina’s 2010 budget included language to establish a Youth Accountability Planning Task Force. The task force is to determine whether North Carolina should raise the age of juvenile court jurisdiction from 16 to 18 and develop an implementation plan to do so. The task force released a report in January 2011, which recommends that youth under age 18 accused of minor crimes should be handled in the juvenile justice system, while 16- and 17-year-olds accused of serious felonies should remain in the adult system. The governor issued an executive order early in 2011 extending the task force until December 31, 2012 so that the group can continue its work.
Cost-Benefit Analysis of Raising the Age of Juvenile Jurisdiction in North Carolina, Vera Institute of Justice, January 10, 2011
The Vera Institute of Justice issued a cost-benefit analysis of raising the age in North Carolina. The analysis found that expanding juvenile jurisdiction to include misdemeanor and nonviolent felony offenses for 16- and 17-year-olds would annually yield $52.3 million in net benefits.
Report card examining North Carolina data on adolescents - those with healthy development, those who are at risk and those who are already involved in the criminal justice system.
North Carolina Studies Impact of Raising Age of Juvenile Jurisdiction to 18, North Carolina, H.B. 2436/S.L. 2008-107
Allocates $200,000 to conduct a study of the impact of expanding juvenile jurisdiction from 16 to 18 years of age.
Issue brief exploring in three parts why transferring youth to the adult criminal system is not working and what can be done about it. First, the report looks at the latest scientific research on adolescent brain development, which shows that teenagers' brains are still developing adult reasoning capabilities and that environmental influences affect this development. Second, the report examines North Carolina and national data that show that transferring youth to the adult criminal system (versus treating them in a juvenile justice system) decreases public safety. Finally, the report puts forward policy recommendations for how North Carolina can bring state criminal law regarding older youth into line with current practices, research and data.
Sets new standards for use of restraints on juveniles in court.
H.B. 492, Raise Juvenile Jurisdiction from 16 to 18 Years Old Action for Children North Carolina Fact Sheet
Fact sheet summarizing bill that would give the juvenile courts jurisdiction over 16- and 17-year-olds initially and allow the judge discretion to send felony cases to the adult system. The fact sheet highlights the benefits of the bill, including increased public safety, increased accountability of youth, more family involvement, and improved treatment of black youth.
Chart presents three scenarios for how youth who have committed different offenses may be handled by the juvenile justice system versus the adult criminal justice system in North Carolina.
Report on Study of Youthful Offenders Pursuant to Session Law 2006-248, Sections 34.1 and 34.2, North Carolina Sentencing and Policy Advisory Commission
Report recommending that the state raise the age of adult jurisdiction from 16 to 18. The legislature did not pass the proposed legislation.
Adolescent Offenders and the Line Between the Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems, Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University
Report consists of five briefs: (1) Brief 1 provides background and recent history on the handling of adolescent off enders in the United States and North Carolina; a description of how the current North Carolina juvenile justice system works; recent North Carolina juvenile justice statistics; and information on programs and facilities for adolescent offenders in North Carolina and other states; (2) Brief 2 discusses research on youth development pertaining to three issues central to policies for adolescent offenders: blameworthiness, competence to stand trial, and the potential for an adolescent's character to change; (3) Brief 3 details how other states treat adolescent offenders; (4) Brief 4 discusses research on how juvenile crime rates respond to changes in punishment laws; (5) Brief 5 presents three policy options and a series of further considerations.
One Out of Ten: The Growing Suspension Crisis in North Carolina, North Carolina Child Advocacy Institute
Report discussing high rates of suspension in North Carolina schools, negative effects of suspension, and steps to reduce suspension, including involvement of caring adults and families, risk assessments of suspended fifth and sixth graders, and expansion and promotion of existing alternative learning programs.
Some Example Alternative to Suspension Programs in North Carolina Sponsored by Public Schools and Community Initiatives, North Carolina Child Advocacy Institute
List including programs and descriptions.